Marijuana has a compelling type of fragrance that makes it attractive. Additionally, its flavor and smell is the reason why it’s used with various holistic healing methods. Well, the main component in marijuana/cannabis that’s responsible for this is terpenes and below is its overview.
What are Terpenes?
They are organic compounds which are responsible for the smell, color, and flavor in plants. For instance, if you take a certain amount of CBD dosage, you will notice a certain smell or flavor. This simply indicates the presence of terpenes. Terpenes are also known as terpenoids. These aromatic natural molecules are mainly found in the oils of plants such as cannabis.
Terpenes in Cannabis
A cannabis plant has around 200 terpenes. However, only a few of them appear in noticeable or detectable amounts. Most of these terpenes have almost similar chemical structures. For instance, sesquiterpenes and monoterpenes have repeating units of isoprene, a type of carbon with 5 molecules. Note that the terpene content in cannabis plants is responsible for its enduring and evolutionary nature.
The Relation between Terpenes and Full spectrum CBD Oil
When CBD Oil is described as full-spectrum, it means that most of the terpenes that are in it stay intact during processing. As a result, this creates a huge difference in the effect of CBD Oil in the body. CBD Oil review shows that there is an increasing interest in CBD isolate. This is because the isolate has only one cannabinoid that’s isolated. Additionally, isolates usually produce the entourage effect. However, the entourage effect is not present in CBD isolates only.
If you want quality full spectrum CBD oil, then you should extract it from hemp flower. Unlike the stalks, seeds, or the stems, the flower has the highest quality of the most effective natural cannabinoids. Note that hemp contains almost 120 types of terpenes. They come in diffident amounts as well. Generally, the amount and type of terpenes in full-spectrum CBD oil depends on the quality of hemp. In addition to that, the method of extraction is also crucial.
Overall, terpenes are important components for full-spectrum CBD oil. These natural molecules combine with CBD oil and other cannabinoids to enhance their benefits by creating an entourage effect. Cannabinoids such as full-spectrum CBD oil and terpenes work alongside each other to produce optimal positive effects.
Common Types of Terpenes
Research reports show that the cannabis plant has different types of terpenes. Well, these depend on the type of cannabis strain. As a result, different cannabis strains have different aromas and flavors. The most common types of terpenes found in cannabis include:
It said that Myrcene is the most abundant terpenes found in cannabis. This type of organic molecule is often found in high quantities in indica-dominant marijuana strains. Myrcene is responsible for the “high” or “stoned” feeling. It has a musky aroma that’s citrusy. Besides the “high” effect, myrcene also has anti-inflammatory effects. You can use it for pain relief or a muscle relaxant. Some of the strains that contain high amounts of myrcene ae Fire Alien Kush, Chemdawg, and Agent Orange.
Most cleaning products and perfumes contain limonene. This terpene is mainly suitable for the creation of ointments, tinctures, and other types of topical products. Limonene has a citrus, lemon, and orange aroma. It has anti-anxiety and anti-depressant properties. Additionally, it improves mood and helps to relieve the feeling of nausea. You can find it in strains such as Girl Scout Cookies, Tangerine Dream, and Pre-98 Bubba Kush.
This terpene has a slightly woody aroma which resembles pine and fresh mountain air. A-Pinene is an energy booster. It increases the rate of metabolism and promotes natural energy production. This expectorant has anti-inflammatory benefits. Furthermore, it’s a local antiseptic and a bronchodilator. A-in addition to those, A-pinene is an anti-cancer agent which has multiple uses in Traditional Chinese medicine. A-pinene is found mainly in cannabis strains such as Cookie Cross and Vanilla Kush.
It’s mainly found in sativa-dominant marijuana strains. Humulene terpene has anorectic, anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial, and anti-tumor properties. The appetite suppressant has a spicy, herbal, earthy, and woody aroma. Besides those, it’s perfect for relieving inflammations. Humulene also supports weight loss and it’s mainly used in Chinese medicine. This terpene is found in cannabis strains such as Sage N Sour, Gorilla Glue #4, and Liberty Haze.
The Bottom Line
Terpenes are vital building blocks in plant molecules, hormones, pigments, and sterols. They are also vital components in cannabinoids. These compounds are responsible for the pleasant (not pleasant) aromas in cannabis plants. The relationship between terpenes and full-spectrum cannabinoids lies in its ability to create the entourage effect. Additionally, terpenes have numerous health effects that are positive.